What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the different kinds of life on earth, including animals and plants, the places they live and their surrounding environments. “Bio” means life and “diversity” means variety.

Biodiversity gives us the clean air we breathe, the water we drink and the natural beauty around us. We need it to survive.

Our home – South Africa – is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. We have about 240 species of mammals, more than 700 species of birds, almost 500 species of reptiles and frogs, and 630 species of butterflies.