The Cape Floral Kingdom (CFK) is a global biodiversity asset, the smallest of the world's six floral kingdoms and the only one to be found entirely within one country. It is home to more types of indigenous plants than any similar sized area on Earth. What makes it even more special is that approximately 70% of its 9000 plant species are found nowhere else on Earth. The conservation of the remaining areas of natural vegetation within the CFK is of international conservation significance.
Ecological processes are the interactions between plants, animals and the non-living components of the environment like climate or rocks. These processes are crucial for maintaining healthy ecosystems and supporting the long-term persistence of biodiversity.
Some examples of climate change include: more rain than usual, some regions becoming colder, changes in wind patterns, cloud cover and ocean currents, extreme weather like hurricanes, flood and droughts. By looking after biodiversity, we can slow down climate change.
Biodiversity is the sum total of all living things on earth, from genes to species to entire ecosystems. In order to conserve biodiversity we need to look after all its components. These include functioning natural habitats, the species that occur in these habitats, and the ecological interactions between species and their environments.